Prayer-Why We Should Pray

1 Thess 5:15-18 Rejoice always; 17 pray without ceasing; 18 in everything give thanks; for this is God’s will for you in Christ Jesus. NAS

In the Bible, both Old and New Testaments, we are instructed, even commanded to pray. Why?!? If God is sovereign and is going to do what He intends anyway, why should we pray? The fundamental answer lies in man’s designated role as the stewards of all the earth under God.

The earth and all that is in it was created expressly as a habitat for and a benefit to mankind. Adam and Eve and all their descendants were assigned by God from the beginning as the steward of the earth and all that is in it. The fall of man while temporarily alienating us from God did not alter this fact. Because God allows us to exercise our free will, mankind has often stewarded the earth badly.

Rom 8:18-24 For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory that is to be revealed to us. 19 For the anxious longing of the creation waits eagerly for the revealing of the sons of God. 20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not of its own will, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope 21 that the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now. 23 And not only this, but also we ourselves, having the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our body. NASB

Paul says that the earth was subjected to futility through man’s mismanagement with God’s full knowledge and permissive will. Without free will, man could not serve the Lord freely, choose to follow God voluntarily or achieve his ultimate reward; i.e., to live and dwell in God’s full presence as God’s intimate friend for all eternity.

When a parent assigns a child a sphere of responsibility (his or her room to manage, or the lawn, a pet, a paper route or a car to manage), he or she knows the child will probably not get it right the first time. The parent knows that the child will make mistakes but cannot learn without trial and error. So, the parent does not take away the stewardship responsibility when the child fails, or he will condemn the child to eternal failure. The wise parent overshadows the child’s stewardship to ensure that no irreparable damage is done, but continues to insist that the child learn to be a steward.

So, it is with God, the wisest parent of all. God will ensure that all things will ultimately work out according to His purposes, but He holds us responsible to manage in the meantime, and this is for our benefit. This is the main reason why we are commanded to pray; i.e., to exercise our stewardship. We are called to be God’s managing partner in the earth. We can see this in the relationship He has with Abraham. He involves Abraham in His decision-making.

Gen 18:17-19 And the Lord said, “Shall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do, 18 since Abraham will surely become a great and mighty nation, and in him all the nations of the earth will be blessed? 19 “For I have chosen him, in order that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing righteousness and justice; in order that the Lord may bring upon Abraham what He has spoken about him.” NASB

Jesus prayed for us all as if it made a difference. He prayed even though it was sometimes laborious. So should we.

Heb 5:7-9 In the days of His flesh, He offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the One able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His piety. 8 Although He was a Son, He learned obedience from the things which He suffered. NASB

Jesus, knowing that He was eventually leaving to go back to Heaven, gave His disciples (and the church going forward) the authority and power to bind Satan and to loose people from whatever had captured them. He gave them the authority to confront sin and issue forgiveness. He passed His stewardship with all of its responsibilities and benefits on to us.

Matt 18:15-20 “And if your brother sins, go and reprove him in private; if he listens to you, you have won your brother. 16 “But if he does not listen to you, take one or two more with you, so that by the mouth of two or three witnesses every fact may be confirmed. 17 “And if he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church; and if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax-gatherer. 18 “Truly I say to you, whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. 19 “Again I say to you, that if two of you agree on earth about anything that they may ask, it shall be done for them by My Father who is in heaven. 20 “For where two or three have gathered together in My name, there I am in their midst.” NASB

Jesus gave them and us the responsibility, power and authority to conquer Satan and bring down his kingdom in the earth. He did this first with His 12 apostles and then later with 70 ordinary followers.

Mark 6:7-13 And He summoned the twelve and began to send them out in pairs; and He was giving them authority over the unclean spirits; 8 and He instructed them that they should take nothing for their journey, except a mere staff; no bread, no bag, no money in their belt; 9 but to wear sandals; and He added, “Do not put on two tunics.” 10 And He said to them, “Wherever you enter a house, stay there until you leave town. 11 “And any place that does not receive you or listen to you, as you go out from there, shake off the dust from the soles of your feet for a testimony against them.” 12 And they went out and preached that men should repent. 13 And they were casting out many demons and were anointing with oil many sick people and healing them. NASB

Luke 10:17-20 And the seventy returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons are subject to us in Your name.” 18 And He said to them, “I was watching Satan fall from heaven like lightning. 19 “Behold, I have given you authority to tread upon serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall injure you. 20 “Nevertheless do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are recorded in heaven.” NASB

We are later told in Revelation that ultimately the church did indeed conquer Satan in the earth.

Rev 12:7-11 And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon. And the dragon and his angels waged war, 8 and they were not strong enough, and there was no longer a place found for them in heaven. 9 And the great dragon was thrown down, the serpent of old who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 10 And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, “Now the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren has been thrown down, who accuses them before our God day and night. 11 “And they overcame him because of the blood of the Lamb and because of the word of their testimony, and they did not love their life even to death. NASB

Does God change His mind when we pray? Apparently so. In Isaiah 38, God tells the prophet to inform the king, Hezekiah that his time has come to die. Hezekiah was unhappy with this decision and falls to his knees begging God to change His mind, negotiating with God to persuade Him to allow Hezekiah to live. God hears Hezekiah’s prayers and grants Him 15 more years. Did God know this was going to happen. Of course, He did, but God’s foreknowledge does not constitute causality. You can see the car careening at a high speed toward the precipice and predict that it will go over the cliff, but your foreknowledge did not cause it to happen.

The prophets were often persuading God to forego judgement, lessen the penalties or change His plans, usually for the sake of the people. God was going to wipe out Israel at the foot of Mt. Sinai, but Moses caused God to change His mind. He negotiated with God to have mercy, suggesting to God that He would look foolish if He led the people out of Egypt only to eradicate them in the wilderness.

Num 14:11-22 And the Lord said to Moses, “How long will this people spurn Me? And how long will they not believe in Me, despite all the signs which I have performed in their midst? 12 “I will smite them with pestilence and dispossess them, and I will make you into a nation greater and mightier than they.” 13 But Moses said to the Lord, “Then the Egyptians will hear of it, for by Thy strength Thou didst bring up this people from their midst, 14 and they will tell it to the inhabitants of this land. They have heard that Thou, O Lord, art in the midst of this people, for Thou, O Lord, art seen eye to eye, while Thy cloud stands over them; and Thou dost go before them in a pillar of cloud by day and in a pillar of fire by night. 15 Now if Thou dost slay this people as one man, then the nations who have heard of Thy fame will say, 16 ‘Because the Lord could not bring this people into the land which He promised them by oath, therefore He slaughtered them in the wilderness.’ 17 “But now, I pray, let the power of the Lord be great, just as Thou hast declared, 18 ‘The Lord is slow to anger and abundant in lovingkindness, forgiving iniquity and transgression; but He will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generations.’ 19 “Pardon, I pray, the iniquity of this people according to the greatness of Thy lovingkindness, just as Thou also hast forgiven this people, from Egypt even until now.” 20 So the Lord said, “I have pardoned them according to your word; 21 but indeed, as I live, all the earth will be filled with the glory of the Lord. NASB

God told Ezekiel to cook his food over human dung in order to make a point about what He thought of Israel’s offerings. Ezekiel was horrified and persuaded God to let him use animal dung instead (a common practice even today in primitive cultures) (Ezek 4:9-16).

David’s prayers were often heard by God causing God to change His mind. Jesus worked the miracle at Cana but only after His mother persuaded Him to do so. He told her it was not time to begin His miracle-working ministry, but he answered her “prayers” (Jn 2:1-11). Jesus healed the Syro-Phoenician woman after originally declining to do. Her prayers persuaded Him to change His mind (Mk 7:26).

God always answers our prayers, but He may answer them “yes,” “no,” or “maybe later” (Ps 69:13). Jesus tells us that whenever we pray according to the will of God, we will always get what we pray for. Jesus almost always got what He prayed for because He knew the Father and asked for only what He knew the Father wanted Him to have. The exception was in the Garden where He asked God if He could avoid the cross (God said “No”), but even there Jesus told the Father that He wanted to do God’s will.

John 14:8-14 Philip said to Him, “Lord, show us the Father, and it is enough for us.” 9 Jesus said to him, “Have I been so long with you, and yet you have not come to know Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; how do you say, ‘Show us the Father’? 10 “Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father is in Me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on My own initiative, but the Father abiding in Me does His works. 11 “Believe Me that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me; otherwise believe on account of the works themselves. 12 “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who believes in Me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go to the Father. 13 “And whatever you ask in My name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14 “If you ask Me anything in My name, I will do it. NASB

James makes it clear that when we pray for the right things and in the right spirit, God will always grant our prayers. He tells us that often we do not receive answers to our prayers simply because we do not ask. However, he goes on to point out that too often we pray for the wrong things or in the wrong way or for wrong motives.

James 4:1-3 What is the source of quarrels and conflicts among you? Is not the source your pleasures that wage war in your members? 2 You lust and do not have; so you commit murder. And you are envious and cannot obtain; so you fight and quarrel. You do not have because you do not ask. 3 You ask and do not receive, because you ask with wrong motives, so that you may spend it on your pleasures. NASB

So, what constitutes good effective prayer? Let’s look at the attributes of good prayer.

Prayer is, first and foremost, a conversation with God and any conversation with God, spoken or unspoken, is prayer. We can approach God honestly, displaying real emotions as long as we do it humbly. We can be angry, happy, sad, glad, mad as long as we are humble before Him. God does not want false piety nor is He threatened by honest feelings. God is not insecure.

God is a father to us and understands that we are “children” who sometimes act like children. Imagine a child angry because his ice cream fell or because you would not buy him 2 cones. Imagine a child with a problem that you will not or cannot fix immediately, will not because it is not in his best interest or cannot because to grant your son his wish is to deny your daughter hers. God may decline to give us our request, but He will not kill us or abandon us just because we are human. God is looking for an honest intimate conversation, not religious, ritualistic words with no heart in them.

The mechanism of our relationship with God involves daily conversation and normal intimacy. Try not communicating with someone for a prolonged period of time and see what you have left. The story is told of a woman who asked her husband if he loved her. “You never tell me you love me,” she complained. Her husband replied, “Twenty-five years ago when we were wed, I told you I loved you. If anything changes, I will let you know!” You would not like that kind of emotional neglect. God does not either.

Prayer involves listening and hearing as well as speaking. Hearing God is natural. Adam and Eve heard the voice of God in the Garden, we are told. Nowhere does it say that they ever saw Him.

Gen 3:8-10 And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God amongst the trees of the garden. 9 And the Lord God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou? 10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself. KJV

Noah heard His voice telling him to build the ark (Gen 6:13-22). Abraham heard and obeyed God’s voice telling him to leave the safety and prosperity of Haran and journey into the wilderness trusting God to protect him and prosper him. Isaac later heard the same voice and obeyed it. Moses heard God first in a burning bush and later he heard His voice up on Sinai. He was not allowed to see God until much later, and then only a glimpse was given him (Ex 33:18-23).

Gen 26:1-5 And there was a famine in the land, beside the first famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went unto Abimelech king of the Philistines unto Gerar.2 And the Lord appeared unto him, and said, Go not down into Egypt; dwell in the land which I shall tell thee of: 3 Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give all these countries, and I will perform the oath which I swore unto Abraham thy father; 4 And I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all these countries; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; 5 because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws. KJV

Because Abraham not only heard God but believed the voice of God and obeyed Him, he was considered rightly related to God and was known as a friend of God (Gen 16:6, Rom 4:3, Gal 3:6 and Jas 2:26).

James 2:21-24 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he offered up Isaac his son on the altar? 22 You see that faith was working with his works, and as a result of the works, faith was perfected; 23 and the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “And Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness,” and he was called the friend of God. NASB

Rebekah heard the voice of God when she prayed telling her that she was having twins (Gen 25:21-24). Jacob heard and obeyed the voice of God many times, usually in his mind like you and me. Joseph heard God’s voice allowing him to interpret dreams. Ananias heard the voice of God tell him to go pray for Saul of Tarsus that he (Saul) might be healed of his blindness. Peter heard the voice of God tell him that he was no longer to consider certain foods and Gentiles as unclean.

We have been hearing God since we were in the womb. The earliest voice of God is our conscience. Even before we knew or loved God, our conscience was telling us what is right and wrong, fair and unfair. Our conscience is God’s voice and we can encourage it or ignore it. We can inform or train our conscience by diligent Bible study. The scriptures tell us that “faith comes by hearing and hearing by the word of God (Rm 10:17).

Paul told the Romans that what can be known about God is evident being seen in creation all around us (Rom 1:19). He also told them that even Gentiles who know not the scriptures can still hear the voice of God in their consciences (Rm 2:14-16). God usually does not speak verbally to us. Instead He makes his thoughts know to our mind. We can hear the voice of God in our circumstances and in the daily conversations we have with others. We can hear the voice of God in the anointed messages of our preachers or other leaders. The voice of God is and always has been available all around us if we listen for it. Hearing God voice is an integral part of prayer and necessary if we are to steward God’s assignments to us with wisdom and grace.

Like any conversation, prayer has types. We can communicate with God in Adoration, Contrition, Thanksgiving and Supplication; i.e. asking what we want from Him. It comes in the form of Praise (to acknowledge someone’s greatness) or Petition (to make a request).

Like God, we have the power to create through our words. Because we are made in God’s image, we can speak things into existence. As stewards of the earth, we have the power of life and death in our tongues. We can encourage someone creating confidence and a sense of well-being in them. Or we can criticize someone creating doubt and a sense of despair in them, as James makes all too clear to us.

James 3:4-10 Behold, the ships also, though they are so great and are driven by strong winds, are still directed by a very small rudder, wherever the inclination of the pilot desires. 5 So also the tongue is a small part of the body, and yet it boasts of great things. Behold, how great a forest is set aflame by such a small fire! 6 And the tongue is a fire, the very world of iniquity; the tongue is set among our members as that which defiles the entire body, and sets on fire the course of our life, and is set on fire by hell. 7 For every species of beasts and birds, of reptiles and creatures of the sea, is tamed, and has been tamed by the human race. 8 But no one can tame the tongue; it is a restless evil and full of deadly poison. 9 With it we bless our Lord and Father; and with it we curse men, who have been made in the likeness of God; 10 from the same mouth come both blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not to be this way. NASB

Once again, we need to see that prayer flows out of our stewardship and needs to be thought out. Prayer is conversational and real. It is the responsibility of leaders to intercede to God for their people. This includes parents for their children, their grand-children and others. If they do not do their job, their people will suffer. We are also told to pray for our leaders, or our nation, our families, our businesses, our communities and our churches will falter.

1 Tim 2:1-3 First of all, then, I urge that entreaties and prayers, petitions and thanksgivings, be made on behalf of all men, 2 for kings and all who are in authority, in order that we may lead a tranquil and quiet life in all godliness and dignity. NASB

Paul tells us that he prays continually for all of his people as a part of his pastoral duty to them so that they may grow in the Lord. He told his people that his own well-being depended on their prayers (Rom 1:8, 15:30, 2 Cor 1:11, Eph 1:16, Php 1:19, Col 4:12, 1 Thess 1:2, 2 Tim 1:3, Philem 22).

One of the more important reasons for why we should pray has to do with spiritual warfare. The Bible tell us we are in a battle of good against evil and that we have a key role, including as prayer warriors. Paul told the Ephesians that our fight is against spiritual forces in heavenly places (demons), and not against other people. He tells us that spiritual weaponry, especially prayer, must be employed if we are to have success.

Eph 6:12 For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places.

2 Cor 10:3-5 For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the flesh, for the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, but divinely powerful for the destruction of fortresses. {We are} destroying speculations and every lofty thing raised up against the knowledge of God, and {we are} taking every thought captive to the obedience of Christ,

Eph 6:10-19 Finally, be strong in the Lord, and in the strength of His might. 11 Put on the full armor of God, that you may be able to stand firm against the schemes of the devil. 13 Therefore, take up the full armor of God, that you may be able to resist in the evil day, and having done everything, to stand firm. 14 Stand firm therefore, having girded your loins with truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness, 15 and having shod your feet with the gospel of peace; 16 in addition to all, taking up the shield of faith with which you will be able to extinguish all the flaming missiles of the evil one. 17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God. 18 With all prayer and petition pray at all times in the Spirit, and with this in view, be on the alert with all perseverance and petition for all the saints, NAS

Jesus prayed for Peter using spiritual warfare to secure his salvation.

Luke 22:31-32 “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has demanded permission to sift you like wheat; 32 but I have prayed for you, that your faith may not fail; and you, when once you have turned again, strengthen your brothers. ” NAS

As we read earlier, James says that evil wages war inside of us. We conquer it through prayer (Jas 4:1-10). James says if “resist the devil, he will flee.” If we draw near to God in prayer, He will draw near to us. If we humble ourselves in prayer, we will be exalted.

Peter says our enemy is a roaring lion and we can resist him (1Pet 5:6-11).

In conclusion, the Bible instructs us to pray always and unceasingly. It is part of our stewardship and God includes us as a partner to govern the earth. God always hears our prayers as many have testified.

In the Old Testament, this includes: Abel, Noah, Job, Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and Rebecca, Jacob, Leah and Rachel, Joseph in prison, Amram and Jochebed, Moses, Miriam, Joshua, Ruth, Rahab the harlot, Samson, Gideon, Deborah, Samuel, David, Solomon, Elijah, Elisha, Isaiah, Hezekiah, Josiah, Joel, Daniel, Jeremiah, Micah, Hosea, Esther, Ezekiel, Ezra, Nehemiah, Amos, Malachi.

In the New Testament, this includes: Zachary and Elizabeth, John the Baptist, Joseph and Mary, Simeon and Anna, Martha and Mary, Mary Magdalene, the Centurion, the Syro-Phoenician woman, blind Bartimaeus, the cripple of Naim, Nicodemus, Joseph of Arimathea, the woman with the issue of blood, the paralytic man, the Apostles, Paul, Barnabas, Mark, Luke, Timothy, Titus, Priscilla and Aquilla, Dorcas, Philemon, James the Lord’s brother and Jesus himself.

In more recent times, this includes: Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Wesley, Francis Asbury, Francis Scott Key, George Washington, John Quincy Adams, Abraham Lincoln, General Patton, General Bradley, General Eisenhower, Harry Truman, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, C. S. Lewis, A. W Tozier, D. L. Moody, Chuck Colson, Billy Sunday, Billy Graham, Mother Teresa, Martin Luther King, Jr. and countless millions of other unnamed, unknown souls down through time.

These are some of the ways we should pray:
1. with humility Ps 86:1
2. with faith and trust Ps 86:2-6; Mt 21:22; Phil 4:6; James 5ff
3. when in trouble, sick Ps 102:1; 142:1 (complaint), Is 26:16; Acts 5:12, James 5ff; 1 Peter 4:7
4. when not in trouble
5. acknowledging who God is
6. in lieu of OT sacrifice Ps 141:2; Pro 15:8
7. against evil Ps 141:5
8. in church (house of prayer) Is 56:7; Mt 21:13; Mk 11:17; Lk 19:46
9. to God for Wisdom Dan 9:3ff
10. to get rid of demons Mt 17:21; Mk 9:29
11. with endurance Lk 6:12; Eph 6:18
12. with regularity Acts 3:1 (hour of prayer); Acts 16:13
13. for the salvation of others Rom 10:1
14. sacrificially 1Cor 7:5
15. over our food 1Tim 4:5
16. before the sun burns off the dew – Morning prayer – Ps 5:3; 88:13
17. for our government
18. for our church leaders – Act 2:42; Rom 12:12; Hebrews 13:18

Prayer and the Holy Spirit

We pray with the assistance of the Holy Spirit. David wrote his Psalms and prophetic words through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.

Mark 12:36 “David himself said in the Holy Spirit, ‘The Lord said to my Lord,” Sit at My right hand, until I put Thine enemies beneath Thy feet.'” NASB

Acts 1:15-16 And at this time Peter stood up in the midst of the brethren (a gathering of about one hundred and twenty persons was there together), and said, 16 “Brethren, the Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit foretold by the mouth of David concerning Judas, who became a guide to those who arrested Jesus. NASB

And when we are called to speak for God, the Holy Spirit will give us what to say in that hour. You do not get the grace you need until you need it. Don’t be afraid to ask the Holy Spirit how to pray.

Mark 13:11-12 “And when they arrest you and deliver you up, do not be anxious beforehand about what you are to say, but say whatever is given you in that hour; for it is not you who speak, but it is the Holy Spirit. NASB

Luke 12:11-12 “And when they bring you before the synagogues and the rulers and the authorities, do not become anxious about how or what you should speak in your defense, or what you should say; 12 for the Holy Spirit will teach you in that very hour what you ought to say. ” NASB

Matt 10:19-21 “But when they deliver you up, do not become anxious about how or what you will speak; for it shall be given you in that hour what you are to speak. 20 “For it is not you who speak, but it is the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you. NASB

The Holy Spirit prays through us, on our behalf unto God, when we do not know how to pray or what to pray for, if we let Him.

Rom 8:26-28 And in the same way the Spirit also helps our weakness; for we do not know how to pray as we should, but the Spirit Himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words; 27 and He who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because He intercedes for the saints according to the will of God. NASB

In both the Old and New Testaments, people were empowered by the Holy Spirit to speak for the Lord. These include, among others: Elizabeth and Zachary, Peter, ordinary believers, John, Isaiah (and all of the prophets), the future Messiah (according to Isaiah and confirmed by Jesus in His first sermon in Nazareth) the elders of Israel at Sinai, King Saul, etc.

Luke 1:41-44And it came about that when Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42 And she cried out with a loud voice, and said, “Blessed among women are you, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! 43 “And how has it happened to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? NASB

Luke 1:67-68 And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Spirit, and prophesied, saying: 68 “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, for He has visited us and accomplished redemption for His people, … NASB

Acts 4:7-11And when they had placed them in the center, they began to inquire, “By what power, or in what name, have you done this?” 8 Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, “Rulers and elders of the people, 9 if we are on trial today for a benefit done to a sick man, as to how this man has been made well, 10 let it be known to all of you, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ the Nazarene, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead — by this name this man stands here before you in good health. NASB

Acts 4:31 And when they had prayed, the place where they had gathered together was shaken, and they (the ordinary believers) were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak the word of God with boldness. NASB

Acts 28:25-27 And when they did not agree with one another, they began leaving after Paul had spoken one parting word, “The Holy Spirit rightly spoke through Isaiah the prophet to your fathers, 26 saying, ‘Go to this people and say, “You will keep on hearing, but will not understand; and you will keep on seeing, but will not perceive. 27 For the heart of this people has become dull, and with their ears they scarcely hear, and they have closed their eyes; lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart and return, and I should heal them. “‘ NASB

Neh 9:30 “However, Thou didst bear with them for many years, And admonished them by Thy Spirit through Thy prophets,…. NASB

Isa 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me (the Messiah) to bring good news to the afflicted;… NASB

Luke 4:16-22 And He (Jesus) came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up; and as was His custom, He entered the synagogue on the Sabbath, and stood up to read. 17 And the book of the prophet Isaiah was handed to Him. And He opened the book, and found the place where it was written, 18 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me,
because He anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor. He has sent Me to proclaim release to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind, to set free those who are downtrodden, 19 to proclaim the favorable year of the Lord.” 20 And He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant, and sat down; and the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed upon Him. 21 And He began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.” NASB

Matt 12:15-18 But Jesus, aware of this, withdrew from there. And many followed Him, and He healed them all, 16 and warned them not to make Him known, 17 in order that what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, might be fulfilled, saying, 18 “Behold, My Servant whom I have chosen; (the Messiah) My Beloved in whom My soul is well-pleased; I will put My Spirit upon Him And He shall proclaim justice to the Gentiles. NASB

Num 11:24-25 So Moses went out and told the people the words of the Lord. Also, he gathered seventy men of the elders of the people, and stationed them around the tent. 25 Then the Lord came down in the cloud and spoke to him; and He took of the Spirit who was upon him and placed Him upon the seventy elders. And it came about that when the Spirit rested upon them, they (the elders of Israel at Sinai) prophesied. But they did not do it again. NASB

1 Sam 10:9-11 Then it happened when he turned his back to leave Samuel, God changed his heart; and all those signs came about on that day. 10 When they came to the hill there, behold, a group of prophets met him; and the Spirit of God came upon him mightily, so that he (King Saul) prophesied among them. NASB

Speaking in tongues is accomplished though the power of the Holy Spirit whether in private prayer or in public prayer in a church service.

Acts 2:1-4 And when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a noise like a violent, rushing wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 And there appeared to them tongues as of fire distributing themselves, and they rested on each one of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit was giving them utterance. NASB

1 Cor 14:1-2 Pursue love, yet desire earnestly spiritual gifts, but especially that you may prophesy. 2 For one who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men, but to God; for no one understands, but in his spirit he speaks mysteries. … 14 For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays, but my mind is unfruitful. 15 What is the outcome then? I shall pray with the spirit and I shall pray with the mind also; I shall sing with the spirit and I shall sing with the mind also. 16 Otherwise if you bless in the spirit only, how will the one who fills the place of the ungifted say the “Amen” at your giving of thanks, since he does not know what you are saying? 17 For you are giving thanks well enough, but the other man is not edified. 18 I thank God, I speak in tongues more than you all; 19 however, in the church I desire to speak five words with my mind, that I may instruct others also, rather than ten thousand words in a tongue. NASB